• ALL

    Acute lymphatic or lymphoblastic leukaemia, known as ALL, is the most common childhood leukaemia, accounting for 80% of all acute leukaemias in children. ALL is most common in children between the ages of 3 and 7. It occurs when too many immature lymphocyte cells (lymphoblasts) are produced and multiply rapidly, crowding out normal blood cells and making the child susceptible to bleeding and infection. These cells are found in the blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen and other organs.

  • AML

    Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) occurs when too many neutrophils develop from immature myeloid cells. The cells then die. AML is less common than ALL in children.

  • CLL

    Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a type of leukaemia in which certain white blood cells are overproduced. It usually progresses more slowly than acute leukaemias, but in some people the disease can become aggressive.
    CLL is found almost exclusively in adults. It is rare in people under the age of 40 and extremely rare in children. Most people develop the disease after the age of 60 and often have no symptoms. Many do not need immediate treatment and can live for years before treatment is needed.
    In Europe and North America, CLL is the most common form of leukaemia, accounting for 25-40% of all leukaemia cases. In Asia, CLL accounts for only 5% of leukaemias, and in China it is about 1.26-3.5%.

  • CML

    Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) occurs when too many neutrophils develop from immature cells of the myeloid line of white blood cells.
    The disease occurs mainly in adults and rarely in children, and is most commonly associated with a chromosomal abnormality called the Philadelphia chromosome. This rearrangement changes the position and function of certain genes, resulting in uncontrolled cell growth. Other chromosomal abnormalities may also be present.
    CML is characterised by a chronic phase that can last for months or years. The disease may have few or no symptoms during the chronic phase. Eventually, however, patients progress from the chronic phase to a more dangerous 'accelerated phase' in which the leukaemia cells grow more rapidly.

  • Leukaemia

    Cancer is when cells in the body change and grow out of control. Your body is made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow when your body needs them and die when your body no longer needs them. Cancer is made up of abnormal cells that grow when your body doesn't need them. In most types of cancer, the abnormal cells grow together to form a lump or mass called a tumour.

  • Lymphomas

    Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in the nodes or glands of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system and helps fight disease and infection. Some lymphomas start in the lymphatic tissue of organs such as the brain or stomach.

  • Multiple Myeloma

    What is multiple myeloma?
    Multiple myeloma is a cancer that affects certain white blood cells called plasma cells. It accounts for about one percent of all cancers worldwide. About four to five people in every 100,000 are diagnosed with it each year.

  • Other Disease Types

    Aplastic anaemia occurs when the bone marrow produces too few of all three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. A reduced number of red blood cells causes a drop in haemoglobin. A reduced number of white blood cells makes the patient susceptible to infection. A reduced number of platelets means that the blood does not clot as well as it should.